10.5 CERPs + 12 CPEUs

Peer Reviewed Literature for Perinatal Private Practice

Hope Lima, PhD, RDN, IBCLC

Course description

Sharpen your research interpretation skills and stop being intimidated by the latest research in human lactation.
Module Overview

6 one-hour recorded lessons

Module 1: Interpreting methods and results of peer-reviewed literature

As lactation is a relatively new field of scientific research, we are just beginning to scratch the surface of our knowledge. Therefore, emerging topics can challenge the way that we practice in a significant manner. In order for IBCLCs to feel confident in interpreting scientific research, we need to feel confident in reading scientific, peer-reviewed literature. In this one-hour session, we are going to explore the basics of a strong study design, an overview of options for statistical analysis, an introduction to interpreting charts and graphics, and discuss the difference between statistical and clinical significance

Module 2: Maintaining ethics: how to know if or when to apply peer-reviewed findings to practice

Peer-reviewed literature can be overwhelming, and interpreting results can be challenging. This can make skipping to the conclusions section without reading the results and drawing individual conclusions a tempting option. In order to feel confident in determining if evidence should be applied in clinical practice, it is important to determine, for yourself, if a study is drawing the appropriate conclusions and IF they mean anything for the way we practice clinically. In this one-hour session, we are going to develop skills for drawing conclusions from author-reported data, discuss approaches for blending clinical knowledge with new evidence, and explore how to know when evidence is strong enough to mean changes for clinical practice.

Module 3: Applying critical analysis skills: evidence-based feeding of donor human milk feeding

There are many scenarios where a parent cannot provide enough milk volume or the milk does not provide adequate energy to support the growth and development of their infant. In scenarios where this occurs, human milk provided from another lactating individual (donor human milk) can be used to feed the infant until the parent is able to increase their milk supply. This presentation will utilize the analysis techniques learned in lessons 1 & 2 to explore 3 peer-reviewed articles related to donor human milk feeding.

Module 4: Applying critical analysis skills: lactation support for parents with anorexia nervosa

Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a clinical condition characterized by restriction of energy intake, fear of gaining weight or becoming fat, and body dysmorphia. As pregnancy and subsequent lactation are associated with changes in weight and body shape, it is important to consider the implications of a pre-existing or current diagnosis of AN during the postpartum period. The research examining the impact of body changes during pregnancy on individuals with a history of AN has mixed results; some show AN symptoms regress during pregnancy, while other results show a resurgence of AN symptoms. While there is limited evidence of the impact of AN on milk production, milk composition, and breastfeeding experiences of the parent, the evidence that we do have can help guide lactation consultants when providing care for the dyad during the fourth trimester. 

Module 5: Applying critical analysis skills: nutrition during lactation

While certain nutrients in human milk are stable, other nutrients are highly dependent on maternal intake and internal stores. Understanding which nutrients are impacted can help lactation consultants provide broad nutrition education to support women during lactation. This presentation will utilize the analysis techniques learned in lessons 1 & 2 to explore 3 peer-reviewed articles related to nutrition during lactation.

Module 6: Practicing Critical Analysis Skills

During this session, participants will be given 3 peer-reviewed studies to examine and we will be discussing the implications of the studies live. One of these studies is a study published by the presenter, so the goal is to give the participants a little insight into the thought process. All questions will also be answered regarding any of the topics that were covered through the program.

Plus self-study implementation homework

You'll find 1 peer-reviewed article published in the last 5 years, read the article, then use the tools provided in the course to assess the article and receive feedback from Dr. Lima.

Meet the Instructor

Hope Lima, PhD, RDN, IBCLC

Hope Lima completed the Mary Rose Tully Training Initiative at UNC School of Global Public Health, becoming an International Board Certified Lactation Consultant (IBCLC) in 2017. She graduated with her PhD in nutritional biochemistry from NC State University in May 2018. 

In addition to owning and operating Hope Feeds Babies, Hope is employed full time at Winthrop University in the Department of Human Nutrition overseeing the Certificate in Medical Lactation and running a research lab that focuses on helping mothers to reach their infant feeding goals, improving access to human milk, and analyzing the nutritional content of human milk. 

As an IBCLC, Hope has a passion for connecting with mothers to help them to reach their individual feeding goals and advocacy for maternal health. She currently serves as the co-chair for the South Carolina Breastfeeding Coalition and is actively working to improve the landscape of breastfeeding support.
Patrick Jones - Course author

Start learning now!

Learners say 

This course was great in fully understanding how the immune system is as a foundation when baby is born and how uniquely it is developed. I enjoyed learning more about how mom & baby’s immune systems interact and build.

Julie Fields, IBCLC

Really great info. I love that the beginning is going over immunology 101 before you get into the human milk parts.

Christina Berlett, RN, BSN, IBCLC

Knowledge Gap

Many practitioners provide evidence-based recommendations, but sometimes do not understand the why behind the recommendations. For individuals seeking a greater depth of knowledge, this course will allow providers to understand WHY breastfeeding is so important for a developing infant from the lens of immune protection.



Create a diagram of the immune system, including innate and adaptive immune systems.


Describe the process by which the immune system develops from infancy through 2 years of life.


Create an evidence-based recommendation about the importance of breastfeeding for a minimum of two years through an immunological lens.

IBLCE Content Outline

I A6 Milk banking – formal and informal
V 3 Foods to eat/avoid that affect lactation
VII D1 Apply research in practice
VII D2 Appraise and interpret research results

Course Lessons

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